What is Chronic Pain?
Chronic pain is a pain that lasts longer than the normal cause of healing, recurring and sometimes persistent all day long but may differ in severity. Even if the injury or illness has been resolved or healed, or managed with pain medications, chronic pain can still be felt from months to years. It affects a person’s quality of life and disrupts activities of daily living. For long term conditions, people with chronic pain develop low self-esteem, angry, depressed, anxious, and frustrated.
What are causes of Chronic Pain?
There are numerous causes of chronic pain but the main types are grouped as the following:
- Neuropathic (nerve-related) pain– caused by damaged or malfunctioning sensory receptors and neurons in the nervous system. One example is sciatica (pain in the back, hip, and upper thigh related to the sciatic nerve).
- Muscle pain– this pain comes from problems with the skeletal muscles. It can affect areas such as the lower back, hips, legs and feet, neck, shoulders, arms, and trunk of the body. It often occurs after an injury or following repetitive motions.
- Inflammatory pain – causes include arthritis, tissue injury, infection or post-surgical complications.
- Mechanical/compressive pain: causes include fractures, disc degeneration, or compression of tissue by tumors, cysts, or bony structures.
Role of Functional Medicine
Functional Medicine focuses on finding the underlying factors that play a role in the patient’s chronic pain. Individualized treatment/therapeutic plans are created after a comprehensive evaluation of the patient’s clinical imbalances, diet, lifestyle, psychological well-being, and results of Functional Lab tests. After identifying the underlying cause of one’s chronic pain, our specialists can advise an integration of programs that can help the patient achieve relief from symptoms. Nutritional status, proper supplementation, appropriate physiotherapy may be combined with shockwave therapy, G-Factor and other related management that directly addresses the underlying causes.